In the large metropolitan cities of Athens, Sparta, Theobes and Macedonia, wine is offered to gods in all religious ceremonies, is consumed in social gatherings and used as a ‘medicine’ (with the addition of ……. herbs) in the era of the great doctor and healer Hippocrates.
According to ancient scripts, we have religious ceremonies dedicated to the wine & vine god “Dionysus”, such as “Mikra Dionysia”, “En Asti Dionysia”. The grandest of all celebrations are described as “Megala Dionysia”, including some elaborate parades, theatrical productions and poetry readings from the great poets of the times.
One must not forget the “Symposia” , splendid dinners organised by the Athenian male elite. The guest list comprised with many well known men of the arts, culture, politics and commerce, that would gather in grand aristocratic homes. The more successful parties would last days and nights, full of elaborate dinners. Wine would be served in large quantities but always mixed with water (also known as ‘kekramenos oinos’), from notable wine producing areas of Greece. Wine consumption enhanced poetry reciting, extensive philosophical discussions, comedy or drama sketches. Women were only present to serve and entertain, the so called ‘eteres’.